Queen Nefertiti was one of the most powerful ancient Egypt queen who has been a topic of discussion for historians and archeologists over a century now. There are lots of mysteries surrounding this particular queen of ancient Egypt. Again, there is this controversy on the positioned she held during his time in Egypt. While other research sources preached that, Queen Nefertiti once became a Pharaoh of Egypt, other sets of scholars also dispute this finding.
This post contains the biological history and the personal life of Queen Nefertiti The real Queen Nefertiti and her personal life records Now that we know who the real Queen Nefertiti was, let’s get on the subject whether Queen Nefertiti became Pharaoh of Egypt or not.
How did Queen Nefertiti become Queen of Egypt?
Queen Nefertiti was married to then Amunhotep IV who became Pharaoh Akhenaten. In ancient Egypt, the wife of the Pharaoh served as the queen of Egypt. So, this made Nefertiti became the Queen of Egypt. Her husband Pharaoh Akhenaten entrusted her with much power and history has recorded that, she might be the only queen of ancient Egypt who had such power during her reign.
Evidence of the power given her by his husband has been depicted in paintings. For example, in some painting she is shown smiting Egypt’s enemies, an action normally reserved only for a ruling king. Also, Nefertiti races chariots with her husband and often wears a rounded blue crown that some believe is derived from the pharaonic khepresh or war crown.
Nefertiti began serving as a queen after she was married to Amenhotep IV; Pharaoh Akhenaten. During their reign as Pharaoh and Queen, they introduced a new religion for the whole of Egypt. They instituted the worship of Aten; the sun-god. For them to reverend their god, they decided to change their names and adopt a name that would honor their god.
Moreover, a name that would show their allegiance to the god of Aten. Nefertiti changed her name around this time as well, becoming Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti.
Approximately around the 12th year of Akhenaten’s reign, Queen Nefertiti disappeared. In some records of scholars, they believe Nefertiti really died. On the other hand, other records also believe she was disgraced and exiled from Egypt. The shocking revelation is that others also think she went through another secret transformation-this time to serve as a Pharaoh.
Did Queen Nefertiti became Pharaoh?
The people who hold the idea or the speculations that Queen Nefertiti became Pharaoh of Egypt after the death of her husband Pharaoh Akhenaten say that there appeared a mysterious person called Ankhkheprure Neferneferuaten. Several cylindrical seals recovered from Amarna give this co-regent’s name as Ankhetkheprure-a feminine name! This variation is repeated too often to be an error. Ankh(et)kheprure Neferneferuaten must be a woman.
But was this woman really the real Queen Nefertiti we knew? Let’s dive into this analysis. Only two Amarna royal females had the name Neferneferuaten. One was Nefertiti. The other was Neferneferuaten-Tasherit, Nefertiti’s fourth daughter. Since Princess Neferneferuaten was as young as four years old in Year 12, it is extremely unlikely that the little princess is this new co-regent. The most logical conclusion is that in Year 12 of her husband’s reign, Nefertiti was appointed co-regent and therefore ruled as pharaoh alongside her husband.
Probably this can hold water to admit that, Queen Nefertiti became Pharaoh of Egypt. Another point is this, if possible, even more controversial. When Akhenaten died in Year 17, he was succeeded not by Ankhkheprure Neferneferuaten, but by Ankhkheprure Smenkhkare. Some Egyptologists believe that this Smenkhkhare was a son or younger brother of Akhenaten. Curious, though, that there is no record of his existence before Pharaoh Neferneferuaten disappears! The only other person to be named Ankhkheprure was Nefertiti. Again, the most logical explanation is that this solo pharaoh was Nefertiti herself.
Read also: Queen Nefertiti mysterious disappearance
Some people object that Smenkhkare must have been a man because his consort was Akhenaten and Nefertiti’s oldest daughter Meritaten. The logic goes that a female pharaoh cannot have a female consort.
The problem with this, of course, is that only a few generations earlier the female pharaoh Hatshepsut did take her own daughter as consort. She did this to keep divine order. Pharaoh plays a male role and therefore needs a female consort for ritual purposes.
After Smenkhkare, the next Pharaoh of Egypt was a 9-year-old boy Tutankhamun. He became the Pharaoh of Egypt whose queen was Akhensenamen. You can click on this to read about her Pharoah Tutankhamun’s wife Ankhesenamun
Less than ten years later Tutankhamun died, probably as the result of a chariot accident. His wife, Nefertiti’s daughter Ankhesenamun, disappeared from the record soon after.