The Nubian cultural group of Egypt: Egypt has four main cultural groups of people. They are the Nubians, the Bedouins, the Copts and the Fellahins. Among these four set of distinct cultural people, one of them is the Nubian. In this post of ajonafrica.com, we are talking about the Nubian cultural group of Egypt.
Meaning of the name Nubia:
Historically, the origins of the names Nubia and Nubians are contested, what we know for sure is that, both the names generate a denotation of geographical province rather than ethnic origins. Some scholars believe the name Nubia is derived from the ancient Egyptian noun “nebu” which means “gold”.
Historical background of the Nubian cultural group of Egypt:
The prehistory of the Nubian cultural group of Egypt dates to the Paleolithic Era, around 300,000 years ago. By about 6000 BCE, peoples in the region had developed an agricultural economy. They began using a system of writing relatively late in their history, when they adapted the Egyptian hieroglyphic system. Ancient history in Nubia is categorized according to the following periods: A-Group culture(3700-2800 BCE), C-Group culture (2300-1600 BCE), Kerma culture (2500-1500 BCE), Nubian contemporaries of Egyptian New Kingdom (1550-1069 BCE), Kingdom of Napata and Egypt’s Nubian dynasty XXV (1000-653 BCE), Kingdom of Napata(1000-275 BCE), Kingdom of Meroe (275 BCE-300/350 CE), Kingdom of Makuria (340-1317 CE), Kingdom of Nobatia (350–650 CE), and Kingdom of Alodia (600s–1504 CE).
Profession of the Nubians cultural group of Egypt
The Nubian cultural group of Egypt are dark-skinned Nubians inhabit the narrow valley south of Aswan. Although modern studies have been unable to establish the ancestry of the Nubian people or trace changes in the race through history, they carry predominantly Caucasian genes and appear unrelated to other Africans. These people once farmed the narrow margins of the river, planting palm groves along its edge. Hoisting triangular lateen sails above their boats, they hauled rock, transported villagers, and fished the clear, cold Nile.
A distinct group for centuries, the Nubians (called Medjy) served the pharaohs as traders and elite military forces. (Middle Kingdom models show them marching in precise rows bearing shields and bows or spears.) During the Late Period, Nubians traveled north, invading Luxor to reestablish classical Pharaonic culture. The Nubian cultural group of Egypt is also one of the four main influential cultural groups of Egypt.
Modern Nubian cultural group of Egypt
The descendants of the ancient Nubians still inhabit the general area of what was ancient Nubia. They currently live in what is called Old Nubia, mainly located in modern Egypt. Nubians have been resettled in large numbers (an estimated 50,000 people) away from southern Egypt since the 1960s, when the Aswan High Dam was built on the Nile, flooding ancestral lands. Some resettled Nubians continue working as farmers (sharecroppers) on resettlement farms whose landowners live elsewhere; most work in Egypt’s cities. Whereas Arabic was once only learned by Nubian men who travelled for work, it is increasingly being learned by Nubian women who have access to school, radio and television. Nubian women are working outside the home in increasing numbers.