Names of powerful Kingdoms of Africa before colonialism and years of reign

Glorious and powerful kingdoms have existed long before the invasion of the African continent by “Slave Masters” or “Colonial Masters.” and history did good to record those majestic periods of Africa in it full glory, that reflected onto the world.

Africa Kingdoms existed across the east, west, north, and south on the continent. Alright, let’s see the names of powerful kingdoms of Africa before colonialism and the reigning period

North Africa

Quiet a number of Kingdoms was established in North Africa. Approximately from 3100 BCE.

  • Egyptian Empire (3100-870 BCE)
  • Kingdom of Kerma (2500-1500 BCE)
  • Kingdom of Kush (1070 BCE-350 CE)
  • Cathaginian Empire (650-146 BCE)
  • Kingdom of Blemmyes (600 BCE – 3rd .c. CE)
  • Kingdom of Mauritania (285 BCE – 431 CE)
  • Kingdom of Numidia (202-46 BCE)
  • Kingdom of Nobatia (350-650 BCE)

These were some of the great and poweful Kingdoms of Africa at the Northern part of the continent that existed before Africans colonialism.

East Africa


East Africa also had a number of kingdoms that were powerful before they collapsed.

  • Kingdom  of Punt (2400-1069 BCE
  • Kingdom of D’mt (c. 980 – 400 BCE)
  • Aksumite Empire (50 – 937 CE)
  • Ethiopian Empire (1137–1974 CE)
  • Zagwe dynasty (1137–1270 CE)
  • Solomonic dynasty (1270–1974 CE)
  • Sultanate of Ifat (1285–1415 CE)
  • Warsangali Sultanate (1298–1886 CE)
  • Kingdom of Buganda (1300–present CE)
  • kingdom of Burundi (1500-1966 CE)
  • kingdom of Rwanda (1300 -1959 CE)

Weast Africa

  • Nok Civilization (1250 – 250 BCE)
  • Ghana Empire (300-1200 CE)
  • Kingdom of Nri (948–1911 CE)
  • Bonoman (11th–19th century CE)
  • Mossi Kingdoms (11th century–1896 CE)
  • Takrur (11th – 13th century)
  • Benin Empire (1180-1897 CE)
  • Mali Empire (1235-1600 CE)
  • Jolof Empire (1350-1549 CE)
  • Wolof Empire (1350–1889 CE)
  • Bornu Empire (1380-1893 CE)
  • Oyo Empire (1400–1895 CE)
  • Kingdom of Dagbon (1409- Ce?)
  • Kingdom of Sine (14th-19th century CE)
  • Songhai Empire (1464 – 1591 CE)

Central Africa

  • Sao Civilisation (6th century BCE-16th century CE)
  • Sultanate of Bagirmi (1522-1897 CE)
  • Luba Empire (1585–1885 CE)
  • Kingdom of Ndongo (16th century-? CE)
  • Kingdom of Matamba (1631-1744 CE)
  • Wadai Empire (1635-1912 CE)
  • Lunda Empire (1660–1887 CE)
  • Kingdom of Lunda (1665-1887 CE)
  • Kuba Kingdom (1600–present CE)

Southern Africa

  • Kingdom of Mapungubwe (9th century–14th century CE)
  • Kingdom of Zimbabwe (1220–1450 CE)
  • Kingdom of Mutapa (1430-1760 CE)
  • Kingdom of Butua (1450-1683 CE)
  • Torwa dynasty (1450-1683 CE)
  • Mutapa Empire (1450–1629 CE)
  • Rozwi Empire (1660-1866 CE)
  • Ndwandwe Kingdom (1780-1819 CE)

Amazingly, all these kingdoms were powerful and contributed to the world’s development at their time. Note that, these are not the exact number of kingdoms that were in Africa. There are as many as more than these that I have listed here.