Effects of Transatlantic slave trade: The Transatlantic slave trade has been one of the major topics of discussions in the history of Africa peculiar to slavery. The Transatlantic slave trade was the biggest and famous slave trade that happened in Africa’s slave trade history. The slave trade existed between the 16th and 19th centuries.
Effects of transatlantic slave trade on Africa can be expanded in all spheres of lives. From culture, legal institution, Africa states, natural resources, and humanity. In this article, ajonafrica.blogspot.com will elaborate on the effects of transatlantic slave trade on Africa which has become an incurable wound on the continent even in this modern 21st century.
The transatlantic slave trade was the transportation of Africa slaves on the Atlantic ocean to European countries like Portugal, Spain, and France. Africa was so rich in both humanity and natural resource, for this reason, ajonafrica.blogspot.com has written an article that explains the wealth and worthiness of Africa before colonization. You may be interested to read Slave transportation: From the land of “gold” to the land of nothing
Alright, let’s get into the effects of transatlantic slave trade on Africa. For clarification, this article only covers the negative effects of transatlantic slave trade on the Africa continent.
- Ethnic fragmentation:
One of the effects of Transatlantic slave trade on Africa was on ethnicity. As the slave business became more and more lucrative, it became attractive to invest in it. Ethnic groups gained the passion to invade and capture others in order to get more captives and turned them into slaves.
This led into rampant raiding of villages and states. The effects of transatlantic slave trade was huge on ethnicity because, stronger ethnic groups will forcefully raid weaker ones and supplier to European’s colonies in exchange for trade.
The raid ultimately led to hostility among ethnic groups and at the end, codes that were formulated between states and empires to establish peace were looked over. The laws and codes that were to instill peace between states and empires worked no more. Africa then turned into the stone age; that the strongest survive. This effect was very indelible on Africa.
Note: ajonafrica.com has admitted that slavery was not strange to Africa before the Europeans arrived on the lands of the continent,and you can get the details from this article Africans sold each other into slavery before Whites colonialism? Misconception unlocked With that being establish, let’s continue with our discussion on the effects of transatlantic slave trade on Africa.
- Effect on culture
The culture of Africa saw it change from the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade. The slave trade marked the birth of European colonization of Africa. This analysis is as a result that, the Europeans were considered to have purchased and also benefited in larger percentage in the slave trade. The spreading of wars and raiding victims were empowered by the provision of war tools to states that bowed to the Europeans.
In the quest for war tools, kings and royals were sometimes used for trade. A vivid example occurred in the 19th century, when the Kabre community of Togo exchanged their own King for iron knifes and guns to help protect their territory and also capture other groups.
Again, the face of Africa culture was totally changed. Their ways of life, like religion, food, dressing, and recognition of human integrity and dignity.
- Depletion of resources:
The resources of Africa was massively transported to Europe. The transatlantic slave trade, which finally resulted into colonialism, gave the power to the Europeans to have absolute control over the resources of Africa.
Africa is endowed with all kinds of resources. Minerals, and forestry are resources that are in abundant in Africa. The Europeans transported in large quantities of gold, sliver, diamond, iron, bauxite, and many others. They also transported timber from Africa. Not only these, cash crops like cocoa, and coffee were taken to Europe too.
- Degrading humanity to nothing.
One common effects of transatlantic slave trade was the degrading of humanity to nothing. Africans were treated in a more bizarre way than normal. Slaves were put through all sort of treatments to a breaking point that they might have felt they were nothing.
Lots of death threats, whipping and beatings, killings were channeled towards them. Some of the females were used as sex slaves, house helps who would work restlessly. They were made to work to the limit of feeling their bones and veins cracking.
The effects of the transatlantic slave trade was that, the pride and dignity to be an African, was taken away from the people. Psychologically, they made them think that, being an African was a curse. And this psycho thinking is still affecting the Africans today.
The transatlantic slave trade, on the part of Africa, would be similar like being in “hell” at that time and Africa will always remember that part of their history throughout generations.