One common activity that contributed to ancient Egypt civilization was farming. The people of ancient Egypt cultivated crops for both commercial and domestic use. Notwithstanding that Egypt is a desert zone, the people of ancient Egypt managed to crop crops. How did they do that? In this post of ajonafrica.co, we are talking about how ancient people of Egypt farm with River Nile.
Who were the farmers of Egypt?
Unlike today in most civilized countries where those with financial strength can engage in the farming business, the people of ancient Egypt who engaged in farming were mostly peasants. Most of the farmers were villagers who lived in villages, nonetheless, some farmers lived in towns too.
The crops that farmers of Egypt grew?
Egyptian farmers grew crops like barley. figs, wheat, vines, melon, and pomegranates. The essential crop that the farmers of Egypt grew was grain crop. This was because most of their traditional foods were made with grains. Grains were used for making bread, porridge, and beer in the ancient times of Egypt. This shows how important grain crops were to the people of ancient Egypt.
The farmers also cultivated vegetables like onions, cabbages, cucumbers, beans, and lettuce. In the farming industry in ancient Egypt, River Nile played a pivotal role in its success.
Egypt farm with River Nile
The people of ancient Egypt used farming seasons to grow their crops. There were three farming seasons in ancient Egypt that the farmers utilized for their crop cultivation. These farming seasons included Akhet – the inundation from June-September which was the flooding season, the Peret from October-February which was the growing season, and the Shemu from March-May which was the harvesting season. Farmers of ancient Egypt had two farming systems, thus the growing season and the harvesting season.
The Nile would flood in the month of June. During this month, the farmers will prepare themselves for an active farming period. In their preparations, they would mend their farming tools or make new ones. The farmers of ancient Egypt farm with River Nile and the tools they used were simple farming tools. They used tools like hoes, rakes, winnowing scoops, plows, and fit-bladed sickles. Also, the farmers used the equipment called Shaduf.
Egypt farm with River Nile to water their crops
Egypt farm with River Nile to water their crops and the farmers employed the canal building for irrigation. Mostly, canals were constructed from the banks of the Nile River and were connected to the farms. This will make water flow to the farms so that the farmers could collect and used it to water their crops.
The ancient Egyptians were advanced in a way that, they introduce the Shaduf technology to carry water from the canals for watering the crops. A Shaduf is a large pole balanced on a cross beam, a robe and bucket on one end and a heavy counterweight at the other end. When the robe is pulled, it lowers the bucket into the canal and the farmer will then raise the bucket filled with water by pulling down the weight. The farmer will then swung the pole around and empty the bucket onto the field.
When the Nile dried?
As we have pointed out that, River Nile was flooding only in the month of June. So what were the farmers going to do when the river dried up. In such circumstance, still, Egypt farm with River Nile and this is what they did.
The farmers knew the Nile River would dry up, so they built mud-brick reservoirs to trap the water. In addition, they also built a network of canals that were filled with water during the flood season and would seal it when those special canals were full for future use. So, when the Nile was dried, the farmers used these reservoirs to water their crops.
The Nile river was the very important source of water for ancient farmers. When we say River Nile is the source of Egypt civilization there are more into it and you have to read from the link.