Africa has grown through stages of deprivation of resources, psychological trauma and generational stigmatization of colonization in the hands of other continents especially, the Europeans.
The arrival of the Europeans has rendered great impact on the destiny of Africa and for centuries now, the wounds of colonization has not been healed. How does the world see this? And what are the actions taken by powerful world unions to rekindle the spirit of Africa, the pride of Africa, and the dignity of Africa?
Between the 1800s and the 1900s Africa faced Europeans military invasion, diplomatic pressure, imperial aggression, and finally, conquest into colonization. By the early 20th centuries, Europe has conquered and colonized Africa countries except Ethiopia and Liberia.
What really motivated the Europeans to colonize Africa? Was it the abundance of natural resources in Africa that the Europeans lacked, was it to weaken the social integrity they saw in Africans, or the strong political setup already established among the various empires on the continent of Africa?
Africa then became a ball that the teams of Europeans were to kick to any direction to score economic profits, political power, and win the prominence of authority among their peers; as to which country had extended its territory of colonialism, Spain, France, Italy, Britain, Portugal, Germany, and Belgium were competing among themselves for power within the European power politics, and the continent Africa was less protected for the Europeans to attack for their own gains.
The social factor could not be left out. Industrialization brought about the problems of unemployment, homelessness, poverty, and social displacement for rural areas in Europe. This social problem was so intense that not all people could absorb the new capitalist industrialization. So, in order to reduce the pressure of this problem, new territories were to be acquired by the Europeans and hence, Africa became the victim. It led to the establishment of settler-colonies like Tunisia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique, and Namibia.
It was obvious that, some empires tried to fight the Europeans to retain control over their lands and people, to be able to live their indigenous codes of live. But these empires eventually lost. One common example of these struggles for self-control or preventing Europeans colonization was the “Anglo Ashanti War” between the Asante Empire (an Akan interior group of Cape Coast, now modern country Ghana) and the British Empire. This struggle lasted between 1824 and 1901. The war lasted for a period of 77 years of war.
By 1900 almost all the Africa countries (empires) have became colonies of seven main European countries and they were Britain, Germany, France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and Italy. After the conquest of Africa territories by European countries, Africa was forced to shift from decentralized and centralized states so that; the Europeans could set up a colonial state system to rule the conquered Africa countries.
The colonial states were the machinery built to control and exploit the resources of Africa to better the various European countries who became the colonial masters of the colonized countries of Africa. And surely, they did exploit from the continent.
Right after instituting the colonial state system, indirect rule followed suit. Africa was to live according to the will of the Europeans and how they wanted them to live, organize, and, work, in all, the Europeans installed their ways of live culture in the lives of Africans. The colonization enhanced the slave trade; and Africans were transported from their homes to a new land as slave. ajonafrica.blogspot.com has this article Slaves transportation from land of gold to the land of nothing and it will be if you read it.
The transatlantic slave trade was the birth of Africa wounds for generation to come. Transatlantic slave trade woeful moment of Africa
The destiny of Africa experienced it turned around moment and Africa was in the web of colonization.