Africa before independence suffered in the hands of White Colonial Masters for more than a century. The people of Africa lived in woes on their own lands .When Africa lived under the rules and authorities of Europeans, they had little influence on their own lives indigenous ways of living. The Colonial Masters did their best to overtake the people of Africa anyhow and by any means.
As it is said, nothing last forever. As the clock ticked, the people of Africa began to realized the importance of freedom, they were recalled to duty, to take their own destiny in their hands. The cry for freedom began and the freedom drums were beaten to the hearing of the Colonial masters.
True or official freedom of Africa began from the year 1950s and 1957s. ajonafrica.com says this because, the first African country that had independence was the West African country Ghana (formerly Gold Coast.)
Between January to December of 1960, 17 sub-Saharan countries gained independence including 14 former French colonies from their former European colonists. ajonafrica.com take a look into the history of Africa’s journey to freedom.”Africa from slavery to independence” the journey to freedom.
Note: This article only covers four countries. Ghana, Togo, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria.
Ghana independence (Gold Coast)
Gold Coast was one of the British colonies. Gold Cost became the first sub-Saharan West African country to gain independence. The first attempt made to fight for independence was in 1946. Gold Coast colonies fought to resist the movement for the country’s independence. It was in 1957 that Gold Coast was officially announced as an independent nation. The call to freedom was led by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah who was an African anti-colonial leader and he became the first President of Gold Coast which by then, has gained it new name Ghana following it independence.
In February 1958, a victory for the Togolese Unity Committee, a nationalist movement paved way for the country’s independence. On April 27, a former German colony, subsequently under the French and British mandate following Word War 1, the part of the country administered by the French has a status of “associated territory” in the French Union established in 1946. Togo became an autonomous republic within the French Union and by referendum in 1956. The elected first president of the republic was Sylvanus Olympio.
Burkina Faso independence:
Burkina Faso gained independence on August 5 1960. On August 3 the Republic of Upper Volta was proclaimed a French a french protectorate on December 11 1958, but remained part of the French Community before gaining full independence on August 3 1960. The country took the name Burkina Faso in 1984 under the presidency of Thomas Sankara
Nigeria achieved it independence on 1 October, 1960. Before it independence, the country was divided into federation of three regions. The north, east, and west by the constitution of Lyttelton in 1954. As soon as Nigeria gain independence, the former British colony was confronted with it deep ethnic and religious divisions, and this cause a quick severe political instability in the country.
Africa from slavery to independence has not been an easy journey, lives were lost, resources stolen, and Africa was broken into pieces left to destruction on it own. You can read more from this article Transatlantic slave trade – the woeful history of Africa. Lots has been written on Africa slavery in the post.